Table of Contents
Security and External Relations
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Education (MOE)
MOE aims to deliver a high quality education to all Singaporeans. We will ensure that all Singaporeans have access to opportunities to excel in a style and pace that best suits their learning aptitude and interests. Every learner can find a school, programme or co-curricular activity he enjoys and finds meaning in. They will have access to bridges and ladders to upgrade themselves at different points of their educational journeys. Learners who need more help or support will get them. Together, we will level up every student so that no one is left behind, regardless of family backgrounds or circumstances.
Our schools, the Institute of Technical Education (ITE), polytechnics and universities strive to bring out the best in our students and provide a strong foundation in the values, skills and knowledge necessary for work and life. We seek to enable all Singaporeans to contribute to the progress and prosperity of Singapore and fellow Singaporeans.
Singapore’s education system is internationally recognised for its strengths. We are able to achieve good outcomes through our judicious investments in key areas that matter, such as through the building of a quality teaching force and infrastructure that supports holistic learning. Nevertheless, we are constantly improving our education system to deliver the best education to prepare our young well for an ever-changing future. We will continue to enhance our partnerships with the community and parents to deliver the desired outcomes of education.
A total budget of $10.6 billion has been allocated to MOE in FY2012. MOE will subsidise the operations of schools and tertiary institutions as follows:
- $5.3 billion for the operations of primary schools, special education schools, secondary schools, independent schools, centralised institute and junior colleges;
- $2.6 billion for the operations of the four autonomous universities, i.e. NUS, NTU, SMU and SUTD, UniSIM, and SIT;
- $1.3 billion for the operations of the five polytechnics and two tertiary arts institutions; and
- $0.5 billion for the operations of ITE.
FUTURE-READY SINGAPOREANS – GOOD SCHOOLS, MORE OPPORTUNITIES
For FY2012, MOE will continue to invest in enabling each and every Singaporean to be Future-Ready. We will build an education system that can nurture our young to become fine individuals and good citizens, ready to seize the opportunities and meet the challenges of the future economy, while staying anchored to Singapore.
- Good Schools. We will ensure that all Singaporeans receive a good education in schools that caters to their needs and allows them to excel in their own way.
- More Opportunities. We will ensure that no child is left behind, and will continue to strengthen our efforts to give every child the opportunity to excel regardless of his background or circumstances.
Education is a long term endeavour. What we do today must prepare our students for an increasingly complex future. The current rapid technological and economical transformations globally will present Singaporeans with tremendous opportunities, if we possess the requisite skills and knowledge to successfully forge a niche for ourselves. While developing these competencies, we will emphasise values at the core, as knowledge and skills must be underpinned by a strong values system.
MOE’s 21st Century Competencies (21st CC) Framework undergirds our approach. It sets out the values, competencies and skills a student must possess to thrive in society, and is being integrated into everyday lessons. Values define a person’s character. They shape the beliefs, attitudes and actions of a person and therefore form the core of the framework. The middle ring signifies the Social and Emotional competencies necessary for children to recognise and manage their emotions, develop care and concern for others, make responsible decisions, establish positive relationships, as well as to handle challenging situations effectively. Encompassing it all, are the 21st century competencies necessary for the globalised world we live in.
In a world driven by knowledge, many of our young people will need to be equipped with higher levels of skills and knowledge to seize new opportunities. Many will also find that as they work and mature in their area of expertise, they will need professional upgrading.
In FY2012, we will undertake the following initiatives and programmes:
- Expand Opportunities in the Higher Education Sector. We will continue to invest in our IHLs to sustain a quality and vibrant Higher Education sector to provide Singaporeans access to an education that will equip them with the skills and disposition to stay relevant in a fast-changing world.
Today, more than 60% of the cohort receives a quality education at our five Polytechnics and the ITE. We will therefore continue to step up our investments in these two sectors to ensure that they are viable and attractive pathways for preparing our students for the future economy. We will invest $7 billion and $2 billion in these two sectors respectively over the next five years.
The Ministry is also studying how to provide more opportunities for Singaporeans to access university-level education, and develop and shape our local talent pool to be ready to meet challenges in the future. The Committee on University Education Pathways (CUEP) will present its findings in end-2012.
To allow our workforce to remain relevant amidst global and domestic changes, MOE will also invest $350 million on Continuing Education and Training (CET) over five years from 2012.
Every student has his own unique set of strengths and talents, and our schools must cater to their different needs to allow them to excel in their own way.
Our vision is for all schools to be good schools. In every school, success is achieved when it nurtures each child holistically, and meets his unique needs. This is what we mean by student-centric, values-driven education.
We will need the support of our stakeholders—students, parents and the community—to share our vision, so as to deliver the desired outcomes of education together. To do so, we will enhance our partnerships with parents and the community to reinforce efforts of our educators, and co-create the best education experience for our children.
In FY2012, we will undertake the following initiatives and programmes:
- Strengthening Support for Effective Delivery of Citizenship and Character Education (CCE). We will spearhead, coordinate and enhance efforts for whole-school approaches towards CCE. We will focus on the expression and learning of values through meaningful interactions with the community instead of quantitative measurement, and encourage schools to develop coherent and sustainable service learning programmes.
- Resourcing all Schools with Good Teachers, Allied Educators and Administrators. Our teaching force is on track to grow to 33,000 by 2015. This will allow us to better cater to the different learning styles and aptitudes of our students. Since 2010, the Academy of Singapore Teachers has spearheaded the professional development of MOE staff, to forge a stronger culture of professional excellence. To date about 300 professional learning communities and several other small learning communities have been established to allow teachers to share best practices. MOE will also put in place support structures in schools to enhance the delivery of values education and to better engage our stakeholders.
- Enhancing Partnerships with Community and Parents. The community and parents have a vested interest in education, and a strong partnership with them will allow us to deliver our vision of good schools, and reinforce our efforts in values and character education. We will strengthen our structures to support partnerships in schools, and build capacity on the ground to facilitate quality partnership efforts. We will also strengthen links between COMPASS, Parent Support Groups, school alumni and school partners. In addition, we will help our schools support partnership efforts.
- Working with Stakeholders to improve Special Education (SPED). SPED is another area that has benefitted from enhanced partnerships with the community. MOE will continue to build on this to deliver good outcomes for students with special needs. We will be expanding capacity. We will also be working with SPED schools to develop their curriculum based on the MOE Curriculum Framework that defines Education Outcomes and Learning Standards. In addition, we will develop training opportunities for SPED professionals. The Multi-Agency Advisory Panel, set up this year to streamline applications to SPED schools, pulls together the expertise in SPED schools, MOE and MOH. VWOs also play an important role, by providing post-diagnosis educational guidance for parents.
- Support for Students with Mild Special Needs in Mainstream Schools. We will pilot remediation support in 20 primary schools for students diagnosed with dyslexia, to help them achieve better educational outcomes.
Giving Every Child an Opportunity To Succeed, Regardless of Family Background and Circumstances. In building an education system with no dead ends, we must also ensure that no child is denied access to opportunities because of family circumstances. To do this, MOE will strengthen support for students from less-advantaged families to allow them to access quality education.
- Enhanced Financial Assistance Scheme (FAS) for Schools. We will widen the coverage of the MOE FAS, including that of SPED FAS, by raising the income ceiling from $1,500 to $2,500. Large families will also benefit from the new per-capita income (PCI) limit of $625 introduced as a parallel criterion. This will double the number of students who can benefit from FAS, to about 80,000.
- Increased Assistance in Areas not Covered by FAS. To complement the FAS enhancement, MOE will also be increasing the funding rate for the school breakfast programme from $1 to $1.50 per FAS student per school day. MOE will also invest $5 million to strengthen school-based financial assistance by providing annual grants of up to $15,000 per mainstream school for three years. This will allow the schools to provide targeted assistance to needy students in areas not covered under the FAS, or extend aid to students who are not on the FAS but require financial assistance. These measures will also be adapted and extended to SPED schools.
- Enhanced Independent School Bursary (ISB). ISB will also be strengthened to better support students from lower income brackets, and PCI will be introduced as a parallel assessment criterion to benefit larger families.
- More to Receive Edusave Merit Bursary (EMB). EMB aims to encourage and reward Singaporean students from modest home backgrounds who perform well in school. We will raise the household income ceiling from $4,000 to $5,000 for the next award cycle. Large families will also benefit from the new parallel PCI criterion of $1,250. These changes will benefit an additional 9,000 students. To support this, the Edusave Endowment Fund will be topped-up with $200 million.
- Enhanced Pastoral and Learning Support in Schools. We will enhance the coordination between schools and school-based Student Care Centres (SCCs) to provide holistic support for students from less-advantaged homes enrolled in SCCs. In this way, the programmes at SCCs will complement school programmes and help children from less advantaged homes to level up.
- Ensuring Good Pre-Schools are Accessible to All. We will continue to raise the quality of pre-school education over time, namely in three areas—centre quality, programme quality and teacher quality. In 2011, 69 pre-schools attained the Singapore Pre-School Accreditation Framework (SPARK) certification. 53 more have applied to be certified in the first application window this year. MOE will launch a Quality Assurance (QA) Consultancy Scheme to assist kindergartens and childcare centres in working towards SPARK certification. The Kindergarten Curriculum Framework is currently being refreshed, and teaching and learning resources have also been distributed to support this effort. As of December 2011, more than 8 in 10 pre-school educators in MOE-registered kindergartens possess a Diploma in Early Childhood Care and Education-Teaching (DECCE-T). To further enhance professional capacity, new professional development pathways have been developed (e.g. Bachelor of Early Childhood Education with Management by UniSIM and Wheelock-SIT Bachelor in Early Childhood Education).
To find out more about the MOE and our initiatives, please visit our website.