Table of Contents
Security and External Relations
Ministry of National Development
Ministry of National Development (MND)
MND’s mission is:
- To develop world-class infrastructure;
- To create a vibrant and sustainable living environment; and
- To build rooted and cohesive communities for Singapore.
A total budget of $2.5 billion has been allocated to MND in FY2012 to achieve this mission.
MND aims to achieve the following outcomes:
- Affordable and Quality Public Housing
- Rejuvenating and Remaking our Heartland
- Best Built Environment for Our People
- Making Singapore a more Liveable, Sustainable & Vibrant City
- Singapore as a City in a Garden
- A Resilient Supply of Safe Food
- Prevent the Entry and Spread of Important Animal and Plant Diseases
- Safeguarding the Welfare of Animals
Affordable and Quality Public Housing
Public housing has played a critical role in promoting rootedness and social cohesion among Singaporeans. It has given our people a tangible stake in the country and facilitated upward social mobility. It has also given Singaporean households an asset that they can monetise to meet retirement needs. MND will continue to provide affordable and quality public housing that meets the needs and aspirations of Singaporeans, and promote home ownership for the vast majority who can afford it. $439 million will be allocated to the Housing Development Board as an operating grant for this purpose.
Rejuvenating and Remaking Our Heartland
$1,034 million will be spent to rejuvenate housing estates through various estate renewal programmes so that residents can enjoy improved living conditions.
To achieve this outcome, HDB will be undertaking the following major initiatives and programmes:
Remaking Our Heartland (ROH)
Remaking Our Heartland (ROH) is an effort to transform our HDB estates comprehensively into more vibrant homes for Singaporeans. Punggol, Yishun and Dawson were the first heartland towns and estates selected. Residents from these three towns responded positively to the extensive ROH plans implemented. For the second batch of ROH, the Hougang, East Coast and Jurong Lake areas have been selected for a comprehensive makeover. The ROH plans for these three areas will share four common themes:
- Rejuvenating homes, as well as Town and Neighbourhood Centres
- Enhancing outdoor recreation choices
- Improving connectivity to activity nodes
- Promoting heartland identity and heritage
In 2012, the plans for the first and second batch of ROH will continue to be realised progressively.
Home Improvement Programme (HIP) / Neighbourhood Renewal Programme (NRP)
The HIP offers useful improvements within the flat to residents. The HIP comprises two components—Essential improvements and Optional improvements.
- Essential improvements include works that are necessary for public health, safety or technical reasons such as the replacement of deteriorating waste pipes, upgrading of the electrical load, ceiling leaks and spalling concrete.
- Optional improvements include toilet upgrades, new entrance door / grilles and new refuse chute hopper.
For Singapore Citizen households, the Government will subsidise 100% of the cost of the Essential Improvements and the bulk (87.5% to 95% depending on the resident’s flat type) of the cost of the Optional Improvements.
The NRP focuses on precinct and block-level improvements for two or more contiguous precincts. The upgrading of a larger area enables better integration of facilities and ensures that improvements across neighbouring precincts complement one another. Residents are invited to provide feedback on the facilities to create a stronger sense of ownership and belonging, and to ensure that the items provided better meet their needs. The NRP is fully funded by the Government.
In FY2012, 6,900 and 9,300 flats are expected to be completed under HIP and NRP respectively.
Lift Upgrading Programme (LUP) / IUP Plus / Main Upgrading Programme (MUP)
In support of the Government’s efforts to provide barrier-free access for an ageing population, the target is to provide lifts that stop on every floor for all eligible blocks by 2014. In FY2012, an estimated 59,000 flats are expected to be completed under the LUP. The IUP Plus and MUP will complete in FY 2011.
Selective En-bloc Redevelopment Scheme (SERS)
SERS is part of the Government’s renewal plans for older HDB estates. The scheme optimises land-use in older estates with redevelopment potential, while presenting a unique opportunity for residents living in older HDB estates to upgrade to new flats on fresh 99-year leases, without losing the family and community ties built over the years. In FY2012, residents of about 1,600 flats will receive compensation for their properties acquired under SERS.
Housing Estate Management
$117.0 million of grants will be provided to help Town Councils with their service and conservancy costs.
$70.6 million will be spent to improve public facilities in public and private housing estates. The improvement to public housing estates will allow residents in HDB precincts to enjoy the convenience of facilities such as walkways and children’s playgrounds. Upgrading works for selected private housing estates will include park-related and road-related upgrading works, improvements to connectivity and accessibility to / within the estates, and enhancements to estate identity.
Best Built Environment for Our People
The Building and Construction Authority (BCA) aims to shape a safe, high-quality, sustainable and friendly built environment. This will be achieved by:
- Ensuring high standards of building safety;
- Promoting construction quality excellence;
- Promoting environmental sustainability in buildings and their immediate surroundings;
- Ensuring barrier-free accessibility in the built environment and promoting universal design principles;
- Transforming the construction industry, building up sustained contracting capabilities and enhancing productivity.
A total of $44.5 million will be allocated in FY2012 to achieve this outcome.
BCA will be undertaking the following major initiatives and programmes to achieve this outcome:
Ensuring High Standards of Building Safety
To enhance safety standards in the design and construction of buildings, BCA administers the Building Control Act and Regulations and periodically reviews them to ensure that the safety requirements remain relevant and effective. A systematic and comprehensive work plan has been put in place under the “3-year Periodic Rules Review” programme to review BCA’s rules and regulations. To prepare the industry for the impending migration to Eurocodes for structural design in April 2012, BCA will be rolling out programmes to educate and train the industry on the design and requirements of the Eurocodes. BCA set up a national Geological Office in April 2010 that will serve as the authority on geological information of Singapore. The Geological Office will centralise, manage and provide geological information, advice and services to development agencies for their projects on geological matters. In addition, BCA has taken up a new function as the central agency in the regulation of amusement rides safety. A new regulatory framework was introduced in July 2011 to protect the safety of ride-goers in Singapore, as more large-scale theme parks with complex amusement rides are being developed.
Promoting Quality Excellence
To achieve construction quality excellence in buildings, BCA promotes wider adoption of its quality assessment systems i.e. CONQUAS and Quality Mark, in both public and private sector projects. The aim is to continually improve quality standards by attaining a higher industry average CONQUAS score. To achieve this objective, BCA encourages more developers to benchmark their projects using CONQUAS and participate in the Quality Mark Scheme for residential developments. BCA will build up industry capability through conducting courses at the BCA Academy and developing on–site customised training for site management and supervisory personnel. Developers, consultants and contractors who have delivered high quality projects will be accorded recognition through BCA's construction excellence awards, project rating and personnel certification schemes for quality excellence.
Promoting Sustainability of the Built Environment
BCA continues to promote the adoption of green building designs and practices through its green building rating system, the BCA Green Mark scheme. This scheme promotes energy efficiency, water savings, sustainable construction, better indoor environment quality and environmental protection for a more sustainable built environment. Continuing disbursement will take place in FY2012 under the Green Mark Incentive Scheme for Design Prototype, and Existing Buildings respectively to promote the development of new and existing green buildings. The MND Research Fund will also continue to support research and development in green building technologies and energy efficiency. To facilitate the greater adoption of recycled materials and encourage optimal use of building materials through efficient design, the building industry can continue to tap on the Sustainable Construction Capability Development Fund. In an effort to bring the energy performance of our buildings to the next higher level, BCA is also working towards mandatory submission of energy data by building owners and the imposition of minimum energy performance standards for existing buildings. Lastly, a new Centre Collaborating with UNEP known as BCA Centre for Sustainable Building was set up in FY2011 to promote greater local and regional adoption of sustainable building practices and profile Singapore as the green building hub in the Asia-Pacific region.
Promoting Barrier-Free Accessibility (BFA)
To facilitate a friendly built environment that caters to the elderly, families and disabled, BCA has implemented a BFA Masterplan to encourage buildings in both public and private sectors to be barrier-free, and to adopt Universal Design (UD) principles. An Accessibility Fund of $4.8 million has been allocated in FY2012 to co-fund voluntary BFA upgrading costs of existing private buildings, as well as to raise public awareness on accessibility, UD and relevant assistive technologies. A Friendly Buildings portal has also been set up and currently captures information on the level of accessibility in 3,076 buildings.
Transforming the Construction Industry through Capability Development and Productivity Improvement
As part of the Government’s efforts to raise the productivity of Singapore, BCA introduced a $250-million Construction Productivity and Capability Fund (CPCF) in June 2010 to incentivise mechanisation, upgrade the skill level of the workforce, and build up the capability of construction firms. The fund is available to the building and construction sector over a period of 5 years. A comprehensive Construction Productivity Roadmap was also formulated by BCA and MND in 2010 to develop strategies to regulate foreign manpower by driving manpower development, enhancing the legislative framework, facilitating integration across the construction value chain, promoting technology adoption and raising industry awareness. In addition, BCA is strongly promoting the adoption of Building Information Modelling (BIM) as a key technology driver to improve integration and collaboration across the construction value chain and enhance construction productivity. To encourage more firms to tap on Government funding for productivity improvement, the CPCF was enhanced in Mar 2011. As at December 2011, it has benefited more than 1,000 companies, of which about 65% are smaller firms.
Making Singapore a more Liveable, Sustainable and Vibrant City
The Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA), Singapore's national land use planning and conservation agency, aims to create a more liveable, sustainable and vibrant city. URA’s planning, land use policies and development efforts are geared towards making Singapore an attractive destination for businesses and investments, as well as a great place to live and play in for people.
To realise this vision, a total budget of $164.1 million has been allocated to URA to undertake key initiatives and programmes in FY2012 including:
Planning for long term sustainable growth
URA will work with other agencies to draw up and implement land use and infrastructure plans to support sustainable growth which takes into account social, economic and environment considerations. It will give priority to infrastructure projects that provide relief to the transportation system and prepare land for housing development. Land use policies will also be reviewed to remain relevant to changing social and economic needs, such as to support an aging population, and to support land optimisation to expand our long-term capacity. URA will also explore ways to better utilise and expand the carrying capacity of land e.g. through underground developments.
Sustainable Development Initiatives
URA will launch a 10-year R&D programme on Sustainable Urban Living to explore ways to expand Singapore’s long-term land capacity to sustain growth, and manage the effects of intensification to maintain a liveable and attractive environment.
The R&D programme will be a collaborative effort across agencies, academia and industry to develop applied research, test bed solutions within districts and deploy ready solutions on a wider scale.
URA will also work with consultants to undertake a holistic review for specific areas such as Marina Bay-Greater Southern Waterfront and Jurong Lake District, to propose strategies to enhance the sustainability performance of these areas and facilitate test-bedding of sustainable development initiatives in the districts.
Developing Key Growth Areas
To create new opportunities and support Singapore’s economic growth, URA will continue to develop the City Centre and other key growth areas like the Jurong Lake District, Paya Lebar Central and Kallang Riverside. These areas will offer attractive alternative business locations outside the Central Area with an integrated live-work-play environment. URA will formulate and implement detailed urban design plans and key infrastructure in these areas.
Developing Marina Bay
URA will also continue to facilitate the implementation of infrastructure works and strategic projects at Marina Bay to achieve the seamless extension of the city centre. Marina South will be the next development area following the completion of Gardens Bay South.
To ensure Marina Bay’s continued growth, construction of the supporting infrastructure will continue with the Common Services Tunnels, Marina Coastal Expressway, Downtown Line RTS and a new pedestrian bridge parallel to the Esplanade Bridge.
With the completion of the public facilities such as the waterfront promenade and open spaces, URA will encourage greater ownership in the place making of Marina Bay. Through greater collaboration and engagement with stakeholders and community groups, URA will continue to carry out educational programmes, co-ordinate visits, promote and facilitate Marina Bay as the bay for the people and as the choice venue for international and local events.
The return of the former railway land has given URA the opportunity to comprehensively review and chart the development plans for the Rail Corridor and its surrounding areas. URA will continue to engage the public and interest groups for ideas and suggestions and thereby help to forge a shared vision on the future of the Rail Corridor. This includes the proposal to maintain a continuous green link along the corridor while allowing the development potential of the lands to be optimised.
On 30 November 2011, URA launched an Ideas Competition titled “Journey of Possibilities” to draw innovative and fresh new ideas from the public to address five key challenges and issues in planning for the future use of the Rail Corridor. Useful ideas and concepts from the competition may be distilled into design principles as part of the brief for the Rail Corridor Design Competition that is being considered currently.
The public will be invited to give their views when the draft plans for the Rail Corridor are exhibited.
Place Management for Singapore River and Conservation Areas
Beyond our physical plans, aspects such as programming and promotion in partnership with stakeholders such as businesses and residents are important in injecting life and vibrancy into an area. URA has been facilitating these aspects in Marina Bay, and will extend these efforts to other parts of the city such as Singapore River and other historic districts such as Kampong Glam. URA will work with stakeholders at Singapore River to establish initiatives to improve the precinct and support with some co-funding. Together, we will take steps toward creating a sustainable place management framework for such precincts.
Fostering a Sense of Identity and Rootedness
URA will also continue to identify and conserve significant buildings as well as familiar landmarks and markers of collective social memories, as part of the planning process to contribute towards giving Singaporeans a sense of history and belonging. URA will broaden our engagement base and work closely with stakeholders to raise public awareness and understanding of the challenges and constraints involved in conservation.
Promoting Architecture and Urban Design Excellence
To raise Singapore’s international profile and differentiate ourselves from other cities, URA will continue to emphasise excellence in architecture and urban design, and engage the public through talks, exhibitions (e.g. “Richard Rogers + Architects: From the House to the City”) and workshops such as “Challenge for the Urban and Built Environment” (CUBE).
In addition, URA will continue to co-organise the biennial Lee Kuan Yew World City Prize in recognition of outstanding individuals and organisations which have contributed urban initiatives, policies and projects epitomising foresight, good governance or innovation.
Promoting Urban Planning Excellence
To raise the quality of urban planning and enhance the knowledge of land use planning in Singapore, URA will organise new training programmes for planning and related professionals. It will also organise seminars and exhibitions and publish a biennial journal on urban planning and development.
Singapore as a City in a Garden
The National Parks Board (NParks) aims to develop Singapore into a “City in a Garden” and create the best living environment through pervasive greenery and partnering the community to develop recreational opportunities.
A total budget of $301 million has been allocated to NParks in FY2012 to achieve this.
NParks will be undertaking the following major initiatives and programmes in FY2012 to achieve this outcome:
Establish World-Class Gardens
The Gardens by the Bay, which consists of three distinctive waterfront gardens in Marina Bay, will contribute significantly to making the heart of Singapore’s new downtown district a fascinating destination to live, work and play in. Bay South, which includes both conservatories and the Supertrees, will officially open in June 2012. Leading up to the opening, publicity and outreach programmes will be launched. The outreach includes previews for stakeholders and working partners to explore collaborations in community events and festivals.
Singapore Botanic Gardens will be positioned as a centre for botanical heritage and excellence. Sensitive redevelopment on this historic site will help fulfill its mission as a world-class botanical institution for research, education and conservation. In FY2012, an additional parcel of land at Tyersall Avenue, which consists of matured secondary forest, with a good canopy cover, will be developed into a Learning Forest. Also, with the completion of Linear Car Park and the removal of the existing carpark at Bukit Timah Core, the area will be converted into a Foliage Garden, featuring shade-loving plants with attractive and unusual foliage. A Fragrant Garden will be developed along the Red Brick Path next to the Healing Garden. This garden will be a rich collection of fragrant plants.
Rejuvenate Urban Parks and Enliven our Streetscape
Fundamental to the City in a Garden vision is a network of parks catering to a range of lifestyle needs, and verdant streetscapes providing more than mere roadside tree cover.
NParks will embark on the design and re-development of some of its regional parks as destinations to attract visitors beyond their regional catchments, from all over Singapore.
Visitor experience across all parks along the themes of city and heritage, coastal, community, nature and riverine parks will be enhanced.
Besides Bishan Park which will officially open in 2012, six parks currently under construction or upgrading are expected to be completed: Changi Beach Park, Holland Village Park, Sembawang Park, Woodlands Town Park East, Yishun Park and Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve (Phase 1).
Well planned, sustainable streetscapes are integral to the attractiveness and high quality of our living environment. To create a more interesting, varied and engaging streetscape, six streetscape gardens will be developed in partnership with other government agencies and grassroots communities.
While we innovate and introduce new initiatives, systematic tree care will continue to be important. Trees that are vulnerable to storms will be replaced, and tree crown reduction to minimise tree falls during storms will continue.
Optimise Urban Spaces for Greenery and Recreation
The Park Connector Network (PCN) is an island-wide network of green corridors that link up major parks, nature sites and housing estates in Singapore. Besides bringing about green connectivity and ensuring a continuous green mantle, park connectors are popular venues for lifestyle and community activities. In 2012, the North Eastern Riverine Loop, the fourth of seven loops, will be completed. This will bring the total mileage of the PCN to about 200 km.
In tandem with the increasing urbanisation of Singapore, skyrise greenery extends greenery upwards through planting on building façades and on top of roofs, adding to the sum total of greenery. This improves the environment for higher quality living. Under the Skyrise Greenery Incentive Scheme, NParks aims to add 40 more buildings to the Scheme.
Enrich Biodiversity in our Urban Environment
Singapore is increasingly a model for environmental sustainability in an urban setting.NParks will continue efforts to enhance and monitor biodiversity, and bring biodiversity further into the urban landscape.
Reforestation works will be carried out in Mandai to improve habitats for native wildlife, bring back native trees and improve food sources. Extensive reforestation will also occur at various sites on Pulau Ubin.
Under the Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve (SBWR) Masterplan Phase II, we will commence construction works on the new Visitor Centre as well as the Recreation and Education Centre. Biodiversity surveys at the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and Central Catchment Nature Reserves, SBWR and Pulau Ubin will monitor the health of these key ecosystems.
Enhance Competencies of our Landscape and Horticulture Industry
One key focus is to advance industry development through professional certification programs and workshops, as well as Work Skills Qualifications. Implementation of the Landscape Industry Productivity Roadmap will continue in FY2012.
Plans include developing a nursery best practices programme, establishing a machinery hire programme and rolling out training programmes for the landscape apprenticeship scheme.
Engage and Inspire Communities to co-create a Greener Singapore
To realise the vision of a “City in a Garden”, it is important that the community share and take ownership of this vision and be actively involved in greening efforts. The Community in Bloom (CIB) programme continues to draw participants to come together in growing their own community gardens. In FY2012, NParks will implement new CIB initiatives such as creating inter-generational gardens and wheelchair-friendly gardens.
The Community in Nature (CIN) network was launched in September 2011 to engage the community to co-create the nature aspects of the City in a Garden vision. In FY2012, NParks will reach out to reconnect people with the natural environment through themed programmes such as bird watching, nature photography workshops and nature art activities. NParks will also be working with volunteers, educational institutions, school groups, corporations, and NGOs to develop a wider range of nature-related programmes and widen our reach, especially to the younger generation.
The 4th Singapore Garden Festival will be held from 7 to 15 July 2012 at Suntec Convention Centre. This premier international garden show will promote Singapore to an international audience and boost the growth of Singapore’s landscape industry. It is also a key event that has galvanised the local gardening community.
A Resilient Supply of Safe Food
The Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority (AVA) ensures stable supply of safe food for Singapore. A total budget of $53 million has been allocated to AVA in FY2012 to achieve this.
AVA will be undertaking the following major initiatives and programmes to achieve this outcome:
Open up and diversify the sources of supply of safe food
Diversification of sources of supply remains the key strategy for food supply resilience by moving Singapore away from over reliance on a single source for the key food items (chicken, pork, leafy vegetables, eggs and fish). AVA will continue to open up and diversify food sources, in collaboration with the industry, through food sourcing missions, transfer of technology to develop and open up new sources of fish and vegetable production in the region, as well as facilitating private sector’s investment in overseas food zones and contract farming. AVA will continue to work closely with the industry such as through its business clusters, industry dialogues and networking to closely monitor and analyse food security concerns in the face of climate change, increasing food demand and other factors that can impact global food production and supply.
Not only must there be adequate and stable supply of food for Singapore, AVA must also ensure that the food for Singapore is safe to eat. Risk management is an approach to mitigate food safety and disease risks. Through continuous sound risk mitigation measures and strengthening of its integrated food safety, AVA will ensure that food can be brought in from diverse sources without compromising food safety – balancing the need for food supply resilience and safety.
A key initiative is AVA’s efforts to work with Jilin, China to develop a Foot and Mouth Disease Free Zone to open up a new source of pork for Singapore.
As food supply disruption can potentially occur at various points of the supply chain, AVA will work with the industry and across government to look into supply chain vulnerabilities to help mitigate food supply shocks and facilitate rapid recovery.
Develop local farming and raise agricultural productivity
AVA is putting in place a holistic plan to address the issues pertaining to land optimisation, capacity building, economic sustainability, technology and industry awareness so as to enhance the sustainability of local food farms (namely leafy vegetables, eggs and fish farms).
AVA will work with local farmers to raise the productivity of our farms in a sustainable manner, through the development of individual farm productivity plan, adoption of good agricultural practices and new technology, R&D into agricultural innovation, as well as skills upgrading.
AVA will continue to enhance the administration and use of the Food Fund to support R&D and capability upgrading of local eggs, fish and vegetable farms and partner with local and overseas institutions to develop new farming technology,
Besides helping farms at the production end, AVA will also actively help farms to raise demand at the consumer end through joint promotions with farmers and supermarkets to emphasise the quality and freshness of local leafy vegetables, eggs and fish.
Strengthen food safety assurance
AVA will continue to build upon its integrated food safety system to mitigate food safety risks, such as through continuous review of its programmes on inspection and testing, as well as its legislations and standards. To ensure that it keeps at the forefront of emerging and increasing food safety risks, AVA will continue to build up its food testing capabilities and capacities.
Engage public in ensuring a safe food supply
Ensuring a safe food supply is not just the responsibility of the Government. To engage the community, AVA will:
- Continue its public education programmes to promote food substitutes, such as AVA’s effort to educate the public on frozen meat as a cheaper alternative to chilled meat, as well as liquid and powdered eggs as alternative to shell eggs; and
- Continue to raise public awareness of food safety as a shared responsibility through its food safety public education programme.
Prevent the Entry and Spread of Important Animal and Plant Diseases
AVA safeguards the health of animals and plants in Singapore and facilitates trade in agricultural products for Singapore. $18.8 million will be set aside to keep Singapore free from important animal and plant diseases of public health and economic importance.
AVA will be undertaking the following initiatives and programmes to achieve this outcome.
Reviews and updates to ensure risk-based policies, standards, processes and systems
AVA will continue to review and enhance import control and inspection of imports, as well as upgrade disease surveillance to detect and deal with disease outbreaks. Areas of focus will include strengthening the aquatic animal health programme, animal feed regulations, and import requirements and pest treatment for plants.
Capabilities to prevent and control disease outbreaks
AVA will continue to have in place a multi-layered defence strategy against plant and animal diseases such as bird flu, rabies and Khapra beetles. This includes maintaining vigilance and preparedness against disease introduction, upgrading diagnostic capabilities for prompt disease detection, as well as collaborating with neighbouring countries in controlling the diseases.
AVA will also update and develop crisis management plans for other diseases and invest in diagnostic capabilities and R&D to improve the detection and control of diseases.
Safeguarding the Welfare of Animals
AVA safeguards the welfare of animals in Singapore through initiatives such as licensing of pet shops, investigation into cruelty cases and public education on responsible pet ownership.
AVA will work with Town Councils and animal welfare organisations on pilot programmes such as re-homing for stray cats and dogs, and sterilisation of stray cats. AVA will enhance its public feedback and engagements mechanisms so as to work together more closely with the community in this regard.
To find out more about MND and our initiatives, please feel free to visit our website.