Table of Contents
Security and External Relations
SECURITY AND EXTERNAL RELATIONS
Ministry of Home Affairs
Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)Mission: We work as a team, in partnership with the community, to make Singapore our safe and secure Best Home.
The mission of MHA is to make Singapore a safe and secure best home for our people. Guided by the Ministry Headquarters, the functions of preserving internal security, enforcing law and order, and protecting lives and property are carried out by seven departments. They are the Singapore Police Force (SPF), the Internal Security Department (ISD), the Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF), the Singapore Prison Service (SPS), the Central Narcotics Bureau (CNB), the Immigration & Checkpoints Authority (ICA) and the Home Team Academy (HTA). A total budget of $3,435 million has been allocated to MHA in FY2012 to achieve this mission.
To guide us in achieving our mission, MHA has developed a set of nine desired outcomes. These desired outcomes are our qualitative long term goals and comprehensively cover the different aspects of our mission of making Singapore a safe and secure best home for our people. MHA aims to achieve the following outcomes:
- A safe and secure society where life and property are protected
- Efficient registration of groups and people
- Secure borders with efficient and legitimate flow of goods, people and conveyances
- Secure and humane custody of prisoners
- Effective rehabilitation of prisoners
- A society free from drug activities
- A Singapore well-prepared for emergencies, civil disasters and unconventional threats
- A united Home Team committed to organisational excellence and prepared for future challenges
- A successful partnership with the community to maintain a safe and secure society
Description of Outcomes
A safe and secure society where life and property are protected
This desired outcome is MHA’s target for our law enforcement and fire-fighting efforts. $2,227.2 million, which amounts to 64.8% of MHA’s budget, will be spent to achieve this desired outcome. The bulk of this amount will be channelled to the operations of SPF and SCDF. The primary functions carried out under SPF include upholding the law, protecting life and property, preventing crime and disorder, detecting and apprehending offenders, and preserving security within Singapore and Singapore Territorial Waters. SCDF’s functions include protecting and saving lives and property viz the provision of fire fighting, rescue and emergency ambulance services.
Some of the major initiatives and programmes that will be undertaken to support this desired outcome are:
- A new Marina Bay Fire Station cum Neighbourhood Police Centre will be developed in the Marina South area and is expected to be completed by the end of year 2012. With the development, SPF and SCDF will be able to provide rapid operational response to commercial and residential buildings in the area.
- SPF video surveillance systems will be expanded to cover Orchard Road, the Central Business District and Geylang to complement SPF's effort in policing these locations in Singapore. With the creation of these Public Camera Zones, SPF will be able to perform opportunistic monitoring of the locations covered by the Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) cameras. The presence of these CCTV cameras will also help to deter crime and provide a valuable source of information in our counter-terrorism efforts.
- SPF also plans to gradually roll out CCTVs to cover the key entry and exit points of all HDB blocks and multi-storey car parks.
- As part of SPF’s continuous efforts towards enhancing the maritime security within Singapore Territorial Waters, a new fleet of interceptors will be procured by the Police Coast Guard (PCG) to replace existing ageing ones. Equipped with state-of-the –art technologies and enhanced armament, the new fleet will be able to perform its roles with greater efficacies and provide the required deterrence towards potential intruders.
- The development of Tuas South, home to some of the world’s largest pharmaceutical companies like GlaxoSmithKline, Pfizer and other new infrastructures, will soon transform the Tuas South area into a bustling and vibrant hub of industrial activities. To ensure effective fire, rescue and emergency ambulance operational coverage to the area, a new Tuas View Fire Station will be developed.
- A Civil Defence Marine Command will be developed for better response to marine fire and emergency incidents. The maritime sector is an important component of Singapore’s economy and progress. This sector will continue to grow, especially with the establishment of the International Cruise Terminal. The formation of Civil Defence Marine Command will ensure a timely response to maritime incidents and improve the current maritime fire fighting capabilities.
Efficient registration of groups and people
This desired outcome is MHA’s target for registration services provided to people and groups. $189.3 million, constituting 5.5% of MHA’s budget, will be spent to achieve the desired outcome. This outcome will be achieved through facilitating the provision of immigration and registration facilities, such as the issuance of travel and identification documents, birth and death registration, processing and granting of immigration passes, Permanent Residence and Citizenship status. MHA will focus on expanding the existing registration capacity and improving e-services to the public. For example, a self service kiosk, iCollect, will be developed to dispense ICA documents such as Biometric Passports, Identity Cards and Long Term Pass Cards securely via biometric verification. Eligible persons who have indicated their intention to collect at the iCollect kiosk will be able to collect these documents at their own convenience, even after office hours.
Secure borders with efficient and legitimate flow of goods, people and conveyances
This desired outcome represents MHA’s critical role in safeguarding our borders, while at the same time ensuring an efficient and legitimate flow of goods, people and conveyances through our borders. $412.5 million, constituting 12% of MHA’s budget will be spent to achieve the desired outcome. A Protective Analytical and Assessment Facility (PAAF) will be developed at Pasir Panjang Scanning Station to enhance ICA’s capabilities to detect and confirm the presence of any undeclared security sensitive materials that may be smuggled through our maritime borders. A new Flexi Immigration Clearance System (Flex-i), which allows ICA to better optimise immigration clearance lanes, will be deployed at the upcoming International Cruise Terminal to enable ICA to overcome infrastructural constraints at the checkpoints and boost operational capabilities.
Secure and humane custody of prisoners
$241.4 million, which constitutes 7% of MHA’s budget, will be spent to achieve this desired outcome. Among the initiatives and programmes, $13.3 million will be set aside for the ongoing redevelopment of the Changi Prison Complex (CPC). It will consolidate prison establishments and support facilities into a single locality. This centralisation will allow the streamlining of operations and faster mobilisation of resources in times of emergencies. It also facilitates the return of the lands occupied by various low-density penal facilities, thereby optimising the land resources held by the State.
Effective rehabilitation of prisoners
MHA recognises that effective enforcement is only one part of ensuring a safe home for Singaporeans. Successful rehabilitation of inmates and reintegration of ex-offenders will steer them towards becoming contributing members of society and reduce re-offending. $158 million will be spent to achieve this desired outcome. This constitutes 4.6% of MHA’s budget.
Working with the Singapore Corporation of Rehabilitative Enterprises, “throughcare” (the next phase in the rehabilitation of offenders) will be implemented. Comprising ‘incare’ and ‘aftercare’, the concept provides offenders a holistic rehabilitative experience which combines in-prison programmes and re-integration support measures upon their release. $1.6 million will be allocated to implement the various new initiatives recommended by the Committee on the Prevention of Re-Offending (CPR).
MHA will also continue to support the Yellow Ribbon Project (YRP) and leverage on the strong awareness that YRP has garnered since it was launched in 2004. SPS will be working closely with partner agencies from the Community Action for the Rehabilitation of Ex-Offenders (CARE) Network to inspire action from the community to provide support and opportunities for deserving ex-offenders and their family members.
A society free from drug activities
This desired outcome captures the target of our operations in narcotics control. $65.8 million, constituting 1.9% of MHA’s budget, would be spent to achieve this desired outcome. CNB will continue to intensify its enforcement efforts through regular island-wide operations and intensive raids against drug traffickers and abusers.
For effective control of the drug situation, CNB will implement strategies aimed to improve the local drug situation, against the backdrop of a worsening regional drug situation, emergence of new drugs and expected increase in the number of Long-Term (LT) supervisees. CNB is also looking at new LT management approaches, enhancing current regulatory and legislative regime aimed at drug supply and demand reduction. CNB will also continue to enhance our operations and intelligence capabilities by leveraging on technological capabilities and better management and analysis of strategic intelligence information to complement the tactical intelligence on the ground.
A Singapore well-prepared for emergencies, civil disasters and unconventional threats
This desired outcome captures MHA’s aim to provide robust Homeland security for Singapore, to prepare Singapore well for effective response during emergencies. $110.5 million, which constitutes 3.2% of MHA’s budget, will be spent to achieve this desired outcome. Among the initiatives and programmes, Civil Defence public shelters will continue to be constructed in MRT stations along the Circle Line (CCL) and Downtown Line (DTL). The development of these public shelters will increase the CD shelter coverage for the civilian population and provide them better protection against the effects of enemy weapons during a wartime emergency.
Successful partnership with the community to maintain a safe and secure society
To maintain safety and security in an increasingly complex operating environment, it is insufficient to rely solely on MHA to make Singapore a safe and secured home. In this respect, the community is a key partner of the Home Team. The community plays an increasingly important role in supporting the work of the Home Team to make Singapore a safe and secure home. $13.5 million will be spent to achieve this desired outcome. This constitutes 0.4% of MHA’s budget.
MHA will continue to engage the community via educational institutions, grassroots organisations and self-help groups through our public education programmes. Besides the current public education programmes that are targeted at different groups in society, such as students and the working population, MHA will continue to think of innovative ways to engage members of public so as to raise their level of emergency preparedness. For example, SCDF will be introducing the Civil Defence (CD) Ready Programme, which is an enhancement of the CD Ready Homes Programme launched in Apr 2011. Expanding from the initial focus on residential homes, the CD Ready Programme will include two new areas – Workplace and Schools – in its scope. It serves as an anchor vehicle to integrate the SCDF’s staple Community Emergency Preparedness Programme, the Voluntary CERTs, school engagement programmes, workplace engagement programmes, and others while driving emergency preparedness efforts in this target segments. The SCDF will be collaborating closely with the relevant agencies, e.g. MOE and MOM, on developing and running the CD Ready Programme. $120,000 will be budgeted for implementation of the CD Ready Programme.
To find out more about MHA and our initiatives, please visit our website.